A Two-Way Ticket: Return Migration of Tertiary (Post) Graduates as a Potential Channel of the Brain-Gain Process in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Higher education’s international dimension has emphasised circulation of scientists, professionals and scholars around the globe. This process has encouragingly positive results, but much confusion exists about return migration of highly educated persons who acquired advanced competences overseas. When compared with strong evidence of the brain-drain phenomenon, the return process simply became marginalised. Therefore, this study explains characteristics of the return migration as a potential channel of the brain-gain process with a focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This paper focuses on the mobility of tertiary (post)graduates, all of whom pursued higher education abroad during the early professional career stage and have returned home upon completion of their advanced degrees. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to analyse patterns, size and outcomes of highly educated returnees and their impact on social, labour and country development. The study provides conclusions on recognising the value of a returnees’ qualifications, their professional status, integration in the domestic labour market, advanced knowledge and skills transfers as well as their acceptance from the government and academic institutions.