• Migration and Its Effects on Economic and Demographic Development in Romania

    This paper focuses on migration from Romania, which still needs effective policies reflecting the economic, demographic and social environments. The first part provides a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of Romanians’ emigration, while the second part uses the most relevant literature, theories and policies to discuss the duality of past and future economic and socio-demographic effects of this phenomenon.

    The second part particularises the findings of exploratory research about the intention to emigrate from Romania of highly educated people, trying to analyse significant relations between intention to emigrate and its determinants. This small empirical study of the determinants of intentions to migrate abroad contributes to an area with relatively little knowledge – Romanian emigration. The most important objective of this exploratory research was to find significant associations between push and pull factors of Romanian migration and the intention of emigration (temporary and permanent). The main findings consist in analysing five most important associations between intention of emigration and selected determinants and their intensity indicators. Economic and non-economic factors were associated with the intention of permanent or temporary migration of the highly educated group. The intention to migrate or not and the associated causes suggest that their motivations are more diverse and do not all concentrate on wages. Their perceptions and criticism regarding future labour market, in the context of a psychological experiment, are important because these factors might shape their future attitude regarding the decision to emigrate.

  • Life (Dis)satisfaction and Decision to Migrate: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe

    This paper provides the first evidence regarding the impact of life satisfaction on the individual intention to migrate. One framework is used to analyse the impact of individual characteristics and country macroeconomic variables on migration decisions. Unlike other studies, this research allows life satisfaction to serve as a mediator between macroeconomic variables and the intention to migrate. Using the Eurobarometer survey for 27 Central Eastern (CEE) and Western European (non-CEE) countries, it tests the predictions of the theoretical model and finds that people dissatisfied with life have higher intentions to migrate. The macroeconomic conditions affect the intention to migrate indirectly through life satisfaction. The study finds that at all levels of life satisfaction, the unemployed, middle-age individuals at all levels of education with low or average income from urban areas have higher intentions to migrate from CEE countries than from non-CEE countries.

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