• Ukrainian labour migrants in Poland: part of society or unwanted visitors?

    The fall of Communism has brought about significant social and economical changes and consequently, labour migration has reached serious dimensions in the regions of Central and Eastern Europe. The majority of the countries that make up this territory lacked sufficient experience in managing labour migration and integrating immigrants into society. These factors have resulted in the growth of an international mobility experience for Poles. Poland has become sending emigrant country and simultaneously – the host of the tens of thousands of foreigners, including legal and illegal immigrants. This is probably only the first stage of this well-spread phenomenon, ”once immigration to Poland has been initiated as a mass and long-lasting phenomenon, it will follow what seems to be a universal European migration cycle”.

    As Marek Kupiszewski and other Polish researchers argue, Poland should be immensely interested in proper labour migration regulations and practices: as both the sending country, and the receiving country, aiming to manage migration flows with a view to meet the emerging labour market shortages and to enhance the overall economic growth of the country.3 But not less important is the way the majority of Poles perceive these immigrants in their country. In various studies this factor was found as being practically insignificant. Poland is a very homogenous society and there is often no adequate understanding of the social and economic value of labour migration. Moreover, attitudes towards foreigners might also be an important mediating and decisive factor in Poland’s immigration process.

  • Turkish Roma from Bulgaria and their Migration to Poland

    The Roma migrations also become part of the context of very debatable issues regarding the migration processes in European countries in the public, political and scientific space. Little is known about the specifics of Roma migrations; all Roma migrants are often perceived as the same community. The paper discusses the case of Roma migration from Bulgaria to Poland in the example of the so-called Turkish Roma or Muslim Roma. The paper considers their ethno-cultural characteristics as a community/group in the country of origin and the country of migration. The main issues addressed in historical and ethnographic context are: Who are the Turkish Roma in Bulgaria? Why and how did they migrate to Poland? How does migration affect their ethno-cultural development and identity? By answering these questions, conclusions are drawn on the future trends of Roma mobility and its consequences. The research is based on field material from Bulgaria and Poland collected by means of traditional ethnographic techniques (interlocutions, first-hand observations, ethnographic interview life-story approach).

  • The Post-EU-Integration Migration of the Polish and Intergenerational Relations: The case of health professionals migrating from Poland to the UK

    The paper aims at analysing the effects of migration of Polish health professionals to the UK following Poland’s accession to the European Union. The research examines the impact on both the economy and the society, in particular in the context of intergenerational relations.

    The first part depicts the context of the migration processes. The second one, presents major theories of migration and intergenerational relations relevant to the case study. Thirdly, it analyses the scale of the health professionals’ migration, as well as benefits and costs of migration for their homeland country and the society, particularly, the changes to intergenerational relations within the family.

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