• Generation of a Special State Concern: Portraying educational and job search experiences of youth in Vukovar-Syrmium County

    After more than ten years of promoting intercultural education in Vukovar-Syrmium County in Eastern Croatia, Nansen Dialogue Center Osijek decided to explore what is happening with the young people in this County once they exit the education system and enter the labor market. Thinking about this task in the context of the recent history of the County and ethnically divided categories in which the everyday life sphere functions, portraying the educational and job search experiences of young people become complex. In a situation where, within the education system, there is little space (in temporal, spatial and symbolic sense) provided for joint learning and growing up, we posed broader questions – what is the interaction between schooling in Serbian language and the employment possibilities of Serbian minority youth in Vukovar-Syrmium County?; what are job search experiences of Serbian minority youth educated in Serbian language program in comparison to their peers educated in Croatian language program?; and what are the important factors for getting employment that are identified by the young people in Vukovar-Syrmium?

    In order to explore the answers to this question, we have decided to conduct a small-scale qualitative research – using the methods of literature review, interviews with experts and practitioners and, finally, and interviews with young individuals who have entered the labor market, but who have different educational experiences in terms of language of schooling. The research resulted in a broad portray of the County seen through the eyes of those on whom the community one day will depend on – youth. On the other hand, within the County, this research is mainly focused on the town of Vukovar due to the significant number of members of Serbian minority and interethnic divide And despite of the political, societal and historical factors of divide, it seems that young people in Vukovar share some similar views on the context and dynamics of relations in which they live, as well as the vision of the future and the interests.

  • Inequality in the risk of job loss among young and prime-age workers: Can it be explained by human capital or structural factors?

    Our aim is to identify the determinants of the gap in the risk of job separation between young and prime-age workers. Using a Oaxaca-Blinder type of decomposition for binary outcomes and data from the Polish Labour Force Survey, we seek to disentangle the question of to what extent age heterogeneity in the risk of job separation is shaped by differences in the composition of young and prime-age workers with respect to their individual and job characteristics, and to what extent it is driven by different risks of job separation associated with those characteristics.

    According to our results, differences in the composition of young and prime-age workers and differences in the returns to their characteristics in terms of employment stability contribute to similar degrees to the gap in the job loss risk between young and prime-age workers. Differences in the composition of the workplace characteristics of young and prime-age workers explain a considerable share of the overall gap in the risk of job loss, because young people tend to find less secure jobs than prime-age workers . At the same time, the diverging effects of workplace characteristics appear to narrow rather than widen the gap in job security between young and prime-age workers. In other words, jobs that tend to be precarious do less harm or provide more benefits to young people.

  • Opening the “black box” of the labour market in Macedonia: Youth unemployment

    This paper estimates the determinants of youth unemployment in Macedonian labour market. The motivation for it comes from high and persistent youth unemployment in the country in the past two decades, despites many active labour policies directed towards that segment of the labour market. The paper presents the two step conditional mixed processes model (CMP) estimation on binary and ordinal data obtained from the school to work transition survey (SWTS) by ILO, aimed towards obtaining relevant estimates. As social-economic issues cannot be always explained by pure quantitative estimation, the paper extensively explores the possible determinants of unemployment by conducting semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The results suggest that main determinants of youth unemployment in Macedonia are age, level of education, region of living, gender and household financial situation.

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