Migration and Its Effects on Economic and Demographic Development in Romania
This paper focuses on migration from Romania, which still needs effective policies reflecting the economic, demographic and social environments. The first part provides a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of Romanians’ emigration, while the second part uses the most relevant literature, theories and policies to discuss the duality of past and future economic and socio-demographic effects of this phenomenon.
The second part particularises the findings of exploratory research about the intention to emigrate from Romania of highly educated people, trying to analyse significant relations between intention to emigrate and its determinants. This small empirical study of the determinants of intentions to migrate abroad contributes to an area with relatively little knowledge – Romanian emigration. The most important objective of this exploratory research was to find significant associations between push and pull factors of Romanian migration and the intention of emigration (temporary and permanent). The main findings consist in analysing five most important associations between intention of emigration and selected determinants and their intensity indicators. Economic and non-economic factors were associated with the intention of permanent or temporary migration of the highly educated group. The intention to migrate or not and the associated causes suggest that their motivations are more diverse and do not all concentrate on wages. Their perceptions and criticism regarding future labour market, in the context of a psychological experiment, are important because these factors might shape their future attitude regarding the decision to emigrate.