Return Migration, Human Capital Formation and Labour Market Performance upon Return: The Albanian case. Occupational Dynamics of Return Migrants: The Albanian case
This study primarily seeks to analyse the potential benefits of return migration and performance in the labour market upon return. This issue has a special importance in view of the European Union requirements for the Albanian government to set up a national plan on reintegrating the returnees. The project aims to explore in more detail the impact of the different types of temporary migration on human capital formation and labour-market outcomes for return migrants. For this purpose, the project uses the Living Standard Measurement Survey in Albania (LSMS) 2005-2008, which provides comprehensive information about migrants including the returnees’ behaviour while abroad and upon return. The project’s econometrical approach allows simultaneously estimation of the equation of the migration choice (permanent or temporary return intentions) and the equation of labour market performance (upgrading in terms of occupational skill level). The research finds that medium-skilled workers improve their occupational choice, but such opportunity is less likely to occur for the highly educated, unless the public or governmental sector employs the returnee.