The Motivation and the Decision-making Process of Highly Educated Emigrants
This paper analyses the complex relations between motivation and dimensions of the emigration-decision model. In order to develop a complex and up-to-date approach, the research used the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) and the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991). Constructed instruments are found to have adequate psychometric characteristics. The sample, divided into emigrants and their current place of residence, consisted of two groups of highly educated adults that are or were Serbian citizens.
The study proved the applicability of a model using the theory of planned behaviour, as well as the partial mediation role of emigration intention for influencing perceived behavioural control. A further analysis is required for a precise conclusion about moderating effects of push and pull factors. Results showed that the resiliency model of emigration motivation is more appropriate for the emigration of highly educated persons. The conclusion that emigrants would like to contribute more to Serbian development indicates that Serbian government should open dialogue with emigrants in order to find possible ways of engaging them.